Rosacea is a common skin condition which is characterized by redness and flushing. Small bumps and pimples may appear on the face and in severe cases rosacea can also cause thickening of the skin. In some people rosacea can affect the eyes causing watering and irritation. The condition generally affects fair skinned people and women are affected twice as often as men. It is thought that 1 in 10 people suffer from rosacea and although there is no single cure, there are many things which can be done to improve the condition. This article looks at some of the best ways to cure rosacea.
1. Medication for Rosacea
For many rosacea sufferers the first line of treatment is medication. Isotretinoin which is a substance similar to vitamin A can be quite effective for some forms of rosacea. The drug works by physically shrinking the sebaceous glands and as it has strong anti-inflammatory properties it can quickly calm an outbreak of rosacea. Unfortunately though the drug does have side effects. It cannot be taken by pregnant woman (or woman who may become pregnant) as it has been linked to birth defects. Beta blockers are sometimes trialled in some patients with rosacea as they can be effective in patients with emotionally triggered flushing.
2. Oral and Topical Treatments for Rosacea
Antibiotics can also be quite helpful in the treatment of rosacea. These include both topical skin treatments and oral antibiotics. Although rosacea is not a bacterial condition, it is though that the anti-inflammatory properties of antibiotics are what cause them to be effective for rosacea. Metronidazole can be used topically to treat most types of rosacea and can be helpful for preventing flare-ups of the condition. Oral antibiotics which are effective include tetracycline, erythromycin and minocycline. However oral antibiotics are only a short term solution as they can cause gastro-intestinal upsets, skin sensitivity and antibiotic resistance.
3. Laser Tratement for Rosacea (Intense Pulse Light Therapy).
Telangiectasia caused by rosacea can be effectively be reduced with laser treatment. Telangiectasias are small visible blood vessels on the surface of the skin which appear as tiny red streaks. Laser treatment works by shrinking the dilated blood vessels making them less visible. Laser treatment is mildly uncomfortable and causes mild redness and irritation for a few days after the procedure.
4. Green Tea for Rosacea Treatment
Green tea has showed promise as a natural treatment for rosacea. It contains compounds which help to protect the skin from being damaged by sunlight, as sun sensitivity is one of the problems many sufferers have. Green tea also has powerful anti-inflammatory properties which can help the body’s own immune response. Many proprietary topical rosacea treatments contain green tea extract.
5. Lifestlyle Changes for Roasaea Treatment
Lastly simple lifestyle modifications can improve the condition for many rosacea sufferers. Avoiding excessive sun exposure, cold winds or extremes of temperature may help. Some foods and drinks cause problems for rosacea suffers, particularly foods which are spicy, very hot or very cold. Alcohol is a known trigger for many people and some people are also sensitive to the caffeine in tea, coffee and soft drinks. Smoking can also worsen the condition as smoke damages the tiny blood vessels in skin. Very simple diet and lifestyle modifications are some of the best ways to cure rosacea.
[Img courtesy of Medicenet]